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Thread: Self-Study Dialects

  1. #1

    Default Self-Study Dialects

    One thing I have always really enjoyed studying is non-standard Japanese, and none more fun than Keigo . . . just kidding (though you shold all learn the fun of keigo!) I mean Hogen(s), regional dialects.

    Hogens are fun to learn, contrasting with standard-- getting a hang of them can give you a deeper understanding for the language overall, and help solidify your understanding of standard. Just don't mix them up on important occasions! Learning the local lingo and accent can also endear you to locals. It really makes that place seem like your "furusato," though I think even if I live in the north a long time I will always love western accents.

    I never understood standard grammar until I forced myself to learn in order to (and by contrasting it with) learning Kansai Ben. It was useful because I have lots of relatives who live in Osaka/Kyoto.

    For those of you living in Osaka, Kyoto, Nara, Kobe, etc.:

    Kansai-ben: Kansai Dialect Self-study Site

    Great resource site. Unfortunately I am not. Anyone got a Niigata ben website? Though from what I've heard around my village so far, any hogen seems pretty tame here.

    Unfortunately, most do not have much in terms of research materials.

    So, if you got great sites like the one above, or know good drama/anime/shows that can aid in Hogen study, or just want to talk about the funky hogens around your hometown in general, give a post!
    Last edited by ChouToshio; August 17th, 2010 at 08:57.

  2. #2
    Senior Member jandek's Avatar
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    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    Kyoto has a special brand of Keigo and I think it sounds nice.

  3. #3

    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    そう思ってはります?そうどすね、私も思うさかい。I think I didn't f it up. ちゃう?

    It seems like there is a lot of confusion around Kyoto. A lot of people talk about Kyoto ben, how polite it is and different from other Kansai ben. From what I can tell though, that is only when using Keigo.

    Otherwise, in regular conversational speech, outside of using the polite "haru" a little more, Kyoto people speak pretty similarly to Osaka ben in my opinion.
    Last edited by ChouToshio; August 17th, 2010 at 15:12.

  4. #4
    Senior Member jandek's Avatar
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    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    That is the stuff. When you speak it to me, i feel like i am some えらい社長さん at a fancy Cabaret in Kyoto and you are pouring me drinks of shochu, and not that Green Jade shit that is everywhere either, but something real nice like that looks like it came straight out of ex-prime minister Koizumi sans liquor cabinet, and lighting my endless chain of seven star cigarettes while continuously repeating まぁまぁまぁ、社長さん in my left ear until i get tired of hearing it which will be never.

    other than the occasional business trip and the みやこ音楽祭, in hokkaido we care little for kansaiben altogether.

  5. #5

    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    haha the videos on that site totally feature one of my japanese professors from university. small world.

    but yeah, if anyone knew any good sites for dialects other than kansai-ben, that would be awesome. i tried to google up stuff for my prefecture and even just kyushu in general and couldn't find much of anything. i've learned a few just by asking people ("acchi" and "kicchi"... and honestly acchi [atsui] sounds like the sort of thing used all across japan lol) but it would be nice to have a more complete list.
    Last edited by kaleido; August 20th, 2010 at 06:20.

  6. #6

    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    I do not know about Kyuushuu, but I wonder if it sounds anything like dialects for shikoku.

    Recently I have been watching a drama called Ryouma Den, which follows the life of Sakamoto Ryōma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Sakamoto Ryouma. One of the fun things about this show is that at the time there was no standard Japanese language, and all the characters speak in their native dialects, or even languages.

    Sometimes you are forced to read the Japanese subtitles, lest you miss what the French, Russian or Dutch characters are saying. So far the only western character to play a major role has been Thomas Glover, who is fortunately Brittish for us English speakers.

    Among Japanese, you will hear speech from Tosa, Choshu, Satsuma, Kyoto, Osaka/Kobe, Edo, Nagasaki and others.

    Of course, lots and lots of keigo . . . spoken in various dialects. Ie. you not only have to cope with the various dialects, but the polite and casual forms of all of them.

    Since most of the characters come from Tosa (modern day Kochi Ken on shikoku) I have become quite accustomed to hearing it. At first I needed subtitles, but after you get through the first 15 episodes or so, you can get a good handle on both the terminology/story and the Hogens. Then watching the episodes without subtitles should be of little issue.

    Anyway, Tosa ben is realy cool. とにかく、土佐弁ちゅうがは、まっこと、おもしろいと思うぜよ。

    Speaking Kansai ben helps, because western dialects often share much in common. Even if the accents are totally off, some of the words/conjugations/grammar are very similar.

    いい=>ええ
    しない=>せん
    てしまう=>てもう/てまう
    ほんとう=>ほんま (Or you can say まっこと depending)
    言う=>ゆう
    と言う=>ちゅう
    おまえたち=>おまえ (Kansai) おまん (Tosa)
    いけない=>いかん (Kansai is あかん)

    and others cannot pick off the top of my head. Similar to Hiroshima or far western Honshu, だ (end of sentance, や in kansai ben) often becomes じゃ, though it still sometimes becomes や like in Kansai. There is also the common tendancy for western dialects to turn そう into ほう on occasion. それなら becomes ほんなら。Also the tendancy to use おる instead of いる。

    Tosa also features a similar pattern to Kansai's ねん as exclamation point, き.

    kansai: なんでやねん!?
    Tosa: どいてじゃき?

    どいて=どうして

    Though you could also say なんぜ!? in place of なんで. が appears a lot more in Tosa grammar, though I have a hard time figuring out exactly how it works. Example:

    Standard 標準語: 悪いと言うは、おまえだ
    Kansai 関西弁:悪いちゅうは、おまえや
    Tosa 土佐弁:悪いゆうは、おまんじゃ

    Some other interesting patterns I have noticed:

    てください -> てっつかさい
    だろう -> ですろう (formal) ろう (casual)
    ぞ -> ぜよ
    けど -> けんど
    ~ても/~でも -> ~たち
    ている -> ちゅう or sometimes ゆう
    example:

    standard: 先生は君を探している
    Tosa: 先生はおまんを探しゆうがぞ

    Standard: そう言っても、無理に決まっている
    Kansai: せえやって、無理に決まっとる / ほんなこっちゃゆうとって、無理に決まっとんねん
    Tosa: そうゆうたち、無理に決まっちゅう

    Oh, and before I forget, all Tosa men use わっし instead of 俺 or 僕 (わたし), even in polite speech. わっしあち can also be used by the individual in the mids of great emotional conflict.


    Tosa Ben is not the only interesting one in there. With Saigo Takamori (Kichinosuke) recently making his appearence in the Drama, I am a bit challenged to make sence of his Satsuma Ben. Nagasaki dialect is even more of a mystery to me, fortunately it is not used much (so far).

    In contrast, Choshu ben is rather similar to Tosa, if anything being more similar to standard-- perhaps this is expected seeing as Yamaguchi is part of Honshuu, albeit the most western tip. If you have heard someone from Hiroshima talk, you can probably know what to expect.

    I think MySoju has the first 12 episodes or so subtitled, so please check it out.
    Last edited by ChouToshio; August 18th, 2010 at 10:15.

  7. #7
    Senior Member jandek's Avatar
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by kaleido View Post
    ("acchi" and "kicchi"... and honestly acchi [atsui] sounds like the sort of thing used all across japan lol)
    middle aged ladies all over the country say this every time they get into a car in summer. it is the word that means "the feeling of getting in to a car in summer."

  8. #8

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    Quote Originally Posted by kaleido View Post
    i tried to google up stuff for my prefecture and even just kyushu in general and couldn't find much of anything
    There isn't a "Kyushu-ben" as much as there is Hakata-ben, Kagoshima-ben, Nagasaki-ben. etc.
    Shut up Hikari / Muffles / uthinkimlost. (delete as appropriate)

    Quote Originally Posted by tenderRondo View Post
    minor rant: Waldroon mentioned Maria Ozawa in the japenese movie thread. Me being the fool I am assumed he was being serious and googled her at work.

  9. #9

    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    Nagasaki ben I have heard, and had trouble with. What does "Bai" mean??

  10. #10

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    Quote Originally Posted by ChouToshio View Post
    Nagasaki ben I have heard, and had trouble with. What does "Bai" mean??
    Yo.

    この店の唐揚げは美味しいんバイ!

    It's used in rural Fukuoka dialects like Chikuho and Tagawa-ben as well.
    Shut up Hikari / Muffles / uthinkimlost. (delete as appropriate)

    Quote Originally Posted by tenderRondo View Post
    minor rant: Waldroon mentioned Maria Ozawa in the japenese movie thread. Me being the fool I am assumed he was being serious and googled her at work.

  11. #11

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    Quote Originally Posted by ChouToshio View Post
    Nagasaki ben I have heard, and had trouble with. What does "Bai" mean??
    They might also use ~ばってん the same way. Kumamoto-ben also uses the ~ばい for emphasis.
    Quote Originally Posted by mothy View Post
    I will not miss the Keihin Tohoku when I jump in front of it.

  12. #12

    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    The only place I have heard it is on Ryoma Den (with Ryoma and friends living in Nagasaki now) so you will have to forgive me for making stupid questions.

    I think one week I heard しぇえ or something similar, pretty sure it was meant to be しろう, or more similar to kansai's せえ, for "do it!"

    Like 無理無理! 別の商売を考えしぇえ!

    Am I anywhere near the mark (or just hearing things)? Also, do women there in real life actually use うち for わたし?

    In lots of TV shows and other media (including Ryoma Den), they like to make Kansai-speakers use うち (women) or わい (men) for わたし, but in real life almost no one from kansai actually uses those terms. I was wondering if that is the case in Nagasaki too.

  13. #13
    Senior Member jandek's Avatar
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    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    しょこたん語 イズ ベスト 弁.

  14. #14

    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    How many dialects does japanese language have? Which is very important for learning japanese language?

  15. #15
    Senior Member jandek's Avatar
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    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    seven. also, none of them are all that important.

  16. #16
    VIP UPGRAYEDD's Avatar
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    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    There's a lot more than that. I can think of 4 or 5 just within 100km of me.
    You see, gentlemen, a pimp's love is very different from a square's...
    (郷に入っては郷に従え.)

  17. #17
    Senior Member jandek's Avatar
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    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    this should settle any lingering questions:

    もし日本の面積と人口が10倍だったら - Chakuwiki

  18. #18
    Senior Member Tyr's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by brad12 View Post
    How many dialects does japanese language have? Which is very important for learning japanese language?
    How many dialects does English have?
    Its an impossible question, there's broad stuff like 'Texan' but then you can often get different dialects from town to town, person to person even (idiolects). Linguistic terms are very fuzzy things.

  19. #19

    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    Yeah man. There's broad things like Kansai men, miyagi ben, etc. etc. but even the vocab and words can change depending on your town or city.

    That said it's not important enough to learn. Everyone is going to understand you if you speak "standard" Japanese. Learn a dialect when you get here or become a linguist and write papers about it. Other than that it's not that important except for shocking drunk Japanese people.

  20. #20
    Senior Member jandek's Avatar
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    Default Re: Self-Study Dialects

    Page, I hear what you are saying and I agree with you for the most part, but when you live this far out in the inaka, and you have to take your trash down to the county dump where they will charge you a fee if your garbage is not sorted correctly, then it helps to know the local dialect.

    First I wet my hair real good, slicking it back into a nice pom, extra curl on the front. Next, I put on my brightest track suit, and jump into my Momotarou 2gou kei-truck, which already has the perfect enka album waiting in my MD player that i chose because i like the packaging and songs about Osaka, even though i have never been.

    it takes me two or three tries, but Momo always starts in the end. I take off down the county road, taking my turns wide, and remembering to pull off slightly to the side and set my hazards on panic attack whenever i get a phone call, because Kannon knows i don't need another 5ky ticket.

    When I get to the dump, i greet the watchman with my best BFI tohoku-ben, throwing a thick and surly おぱぴーぷぺぽべ~ which means おはようございます in the local tongue. We talk about how it is cold, and ask each other if we are not cold. Surprisingly spry for his age, the old man flashes me a yellow, toothy grin, and I know that no one will be sorting through my trash today.

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